michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_01.png
Merida, Mexico. 2016.
Merida, Mexico. 2016.

Young Korean-Mayans play in a swimming pool in Mérida, at a celebration of the ninetieth birthday of Joaquin Poot Lee, a second-generation relative. Located in the province of Yucatán, Mérida is the city where Koreans were sold off as indentured laborers in 1905.

michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_02.png
Progreso, Mexico. 2016.
Progreso, Mexico. 2016.

A woman tests the waters of the coastal town of Progreso, once a port of arrival for Korean immigrants to Yucatán. Today, Progreso is known for its beach.

Progreso, Mexico. 2016.
Progreso, Mexico. 2016.

Progreso is a coastal town where approximately one thousand Korean immigrants first arrived on the Yucatán Peninsula in 1905, on the promise of prosperity in a land of paradise. Upon reaching Mexico, they were subjected to a harsh life of indentured labor.

Progreso, Mexico. 2016.
Progreso, Mexico. 2016.

Progreso is a coastal town where approximately one thousand Korean immigrants first arrived on the Yucatán Peninsula in 1905, on the promise of prosperity in a land of paradise. Upon reaching Mexico, they were subjected to a harsh life of indentured labor.

michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_03.png
Sotuta de Peon, Mexico. 2016.
Sotuta de Peon, Mexico. 2016.

Donkey at surrounded by henequen plants henequen plantation.

Mérida, Mexico. 2016.
Mérida, Mexico. 2016.

The Koreans eventually assimilated to Mexican culture, many of them adopting Catholicism as their religion.

Progreso, Mexico. 2016
Progreso, Mexico. 2016

Mexican girl playing after a traditional Korean dance lesson.

michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_04.png
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Boys participate in a swimming lesson on the beach at Matanzas.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

A chicken is tied to a post in Matanzas, home to a large community of descendants of early twentieth-century Korean immigrants.

Mérida, Mexico. 2016.
Mérida, Mexico. 2016.

Second-generation Korean-Mayan Joaquin Poot Lee celebrates his 90th birthday.

Cárdenas, Matanzas. 2016.
Cárdenas, Matanzas. 2016.

The city of Cárdenas has one of the largest communities of Korean descendants in Cuba. The tapestry in this home honors the tiger, an important figure in Korean folklore and culture.

michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_05.png
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Sandra Posada Lee, a Korean-Cuban, stands in the doorway of her kitchen in Matanzas.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Primitivo Lim Kim and his daughters Olga and Adelina Lim Hi. They are among the few Korean Cubans who do not have a mixed heritage. Their grandfather was Lim Cheon Taek, one of the leading figures of the earliest Korean community in Cuba.

Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.
Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.

Cecilio Pak Kim, a Cuban-Korean musician who lives in Cárdenas, home to a large community of descendants of early 20th-century Korean immigrants.

michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_06.png
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Sisters Olga and Adelina Lim Hi are among the few Korean-Cubans who do not have mixed heritage. Their grandfather Lim Cheon Taek was one of the leading figures of the earliest Korean community in Cuba.

Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.
Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.

A Cuban boy climbs a tree during the hurricane season.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Street scene in Matanzas, home to a large community of descendants of early twentieth-century Korean immigrants.

michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_07.png
Havana, Cuba. 2016.
Havana, Cuba. 2016.

Early Korean immigrants to Mexico worked hard on henequen plantations. After their contracts in Yucatán ended, about three hundred Koreans migrated to Cuba in search of better opportunities. They worked in sugarcane plantations when the price of sugar was booming, but when it fell shortly thereafter, they put their expertise to work in the Cuban henequen plantations.

Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.
Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.

Cecilio Pak Kim, a Korean-Cuban musician who lives in Cárdenas, performs the traditional Korean folksong “Arirang” in a Cuban style.

Mérida, Mexico. 2016.
Mérida, Mexico. 2016.

A traditional Korean outfit that belongs to Abril Moo, a young Korean-Mayan, hangs at home in Mérida.

michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_08.png
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_01.png
Merida, Mexico. 2016.
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_02.png
Progreso, Mexico. 2016.
Progreso, Mexico. 2016.
Progreso, Mexico. 2016.
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_03.png
Sotuta de Peon, Mexico. 2016.
Mérida, Mexico. 2016.
Progreso, Mexico. 2016
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_04.png
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Mérida, Mexico. 2016.
Cárdenas, Matanzas. 2016.
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_05.png
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_06.png
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.
Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_07.png
Havana, Cuba. 2016.
Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.
Mérida, Mexico. 2016.
michael-vince-kim_aenikkaeng_text_08.png
Merida, Mexico. 2016.

Young Korean-Mayans play in a swimming pool in Mérida, at a celebration of the ninetieth birthday of Joaquin Poot Lee, a second-generation relative. Located in the province of Yucatán, Mérida is the city where Koreans were sold off as indentured laborers in 1905.

Progreso, Mexico. 2016.

A woman tests the waters of the coastal town of Progreso, once a port of arrival for Korean immigrants to Yucatán. Today, Progreso is known for its beach.

Progreso, Mexico. 2016.

Progreso is a coastal town where approximately one thousand Korean immigrants first arrived on the Yucatán Peninsula in 1905, on the promise of prosperity in a land of paradise. Upon reaching Mexico, they were subjected to a harsh life of indentured labor.

Progreso, Mexico. 2016.

Progreso is a coastal town where approximately one thousand Korean immigrants first arrived on the Yucatán Peninsula in 1905, on the promise of prosperity in a land of paradise. Upon reaching Mexico, they were subjected to a harsh life of indentured labor.

Sotuta de Peon, Mexico. 2016.

Donkey at surrounded by henequen plants henequen plantation.

Mérida, Mexico. 2016.

The Koreans eventually assimilated to Mexican culture, many of them adopting Catholicism as their religion.

Progreso, Mexico. 2016

Mexican girl playing after a traditional Korean dance lesson.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Boys participate in a swimming lesson on the beach at Matanzas.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

A chicken is tied to a post in Matanzas, home to a large community of descendants of early twentieth-century Korean immigrants.

Mérida, Mexico. 2016.

Second-generation Korean-Mayan Joaquin Poot Lee celebrates his 90th birthday.

Cárdenas, Matanzas. 2016.

The city of Cárdenas has one of the largest communities of Korean descendants in Cuba. The tapestry in this home honors the tiger, an important figure in Korean folklore and culture.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Sandra Posada Lee, a Korean-Cuban, stands in the doorway of her kitchen in Matanzas.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Primitivo Lim Kim and his daughters Olga and Adelina Lim Hi. They are among the few Korean Cubans who do not have a mixed heritage. Their grandfather was Lim Cheon Taek, one of the leading figures of the earliest Korean community in Cuba.

Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.

Cecilio Pak Kim, a Cuban-Korean musician who lives in Cárdenas, home to a large community of descendants of early 20th-century Korean immigrants.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Sisters Olga and Adelina Lim Hi are among the few Korean-Cubans who do not have mixed heritage. Their grandfather Lim Cheon Taek was one of the leading figures of the earliest Korean community in Cuba.

Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.

A Cuban boy climbs a tree during the hurricane season.

Matanzas, Cuba. 2016.

Street scene in Matanzas, home to a large community of descendants of early twentieth-century Korean immigrants.

Havana, Cuba. 2016.

Early Korean immigrants to Mexico worked hard on henequen plantations. After their contracts in Yucatán ended, about three hundred Koreans migrated to Cuba in search of better opportunities. They worked in sugarcane plantations when the price of sugar was booming, but when it fell shortly thereafter, they put their expertise to work in the Cuban henequen plantations.

Cárdenas, Cuba. 2016.

Cecilio Pak Kim, a Korean-Cuban musician who lives in Cárdenas, performs the traditional Korean folksong “Arirang” in a Cuban style.

Mérida, Mexico. 2016.

A traditional Korean outfit that belongs to Abril Moo, a young Korean-Mayan, hangs at home in Mérida.

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